C++ version 2.0 was released by AT&T during the summer of 1989, and the major addition to the language is multiple inheritance, the ability to inherit data and methods from more than one class into a subclass. Multiple inheritance and a few of the other additions to the language will be discussed in this chapter […]
This tutorial will actually be a continuation of the topics covered in the last tutorial of Virtual Functions but this will be a fuller explanation of what virtual functions are and how they can be used in a program. We will present a simple database program with a virtual function to show how it can […]
Sometimes we need to handle limited set of values which can be referred by labels. For example the day of week, year names etc…
This concept in C/C++ is called enumeration. Here thisWeek is the variable of enum type week.
The enumerated type is used in C++ in exactly the same way it was used in […]
We can say the pointer as a variable which holds the memory address of another variable. If one variable contains the address of another variable, the first variable is said to point to the second.
Declaring a Pointer
If a variable is holding the address of another variable then we can declare it as
Here var_type is the […]
The 1998 C++ standard consists of two parts: the core language and the C++ standard library; the latter includes most of the Standard Template Library and a slightly modified version of the C standard library. Many C++ libraries exist which are not part of the standard, such as the Boost library. Also, non-standard libraries written […]
String in C/C++ is not more than a array of characters. String encapsulates the functionality of traversing, replacing, copying of one character array to another.
One of the biggest time-wasters in C is using character arrays for string processing: keeping track of the difference between static quoted strings and arrays created on the stack and the […]
Templates are of great utility to programmers in C++, especially when combined with multiple inheritance and operator overloading. The C++ Standard Template Library (STL) provides many useful functions within a framework of connected templates.
As the templates in C++ are very expressive they may be used for things other than generic programming. One such use is […]