In C++, files are referred to as flow of streams (data) into and out of programs. Streams are basis data type to handle all input and output (I/O) operations. There are different kinds of streams of data flow for input and output. Each stream is associated with a class, which contains member functions and definitions for dealing with that particular kind of flow.
Hello, world! Programs are usually written to make the text “Hello, world!” appear on a computer screen. This is also a basic sanity check for an installation of a new programming language. The first Hello World program appeared in chapter 1.1 of the first edition of Kernighan & Ritchie’s original book about C, ‘The C Programming Language’, in 1978. This is considered to be the first ever “Hello World!” program.
In C++, ternary operator allows executing different code depending on the value of a condition, and the result of the expression is the result of the executed code. The ternary operator uses 3 operands. It evaluates a condition and after that chooses one of its two branches to execute, depending upon the result of condition. The symbol for ternary operator is “? :”. The syntax for the ternary operator is: ? : ;