The goal of these columns is to explore object-orientation through practical object-oriented programming. This time, we look at C++, but in the future we will explore other areas of object-orientation. Learning an object-oriented language-a whole new way of programming-will pave the way for many exciting topics down the road.
In OOP terms, polymorphism represents the ability to resolve a reference to an object’s method at run time. Specifically, different objects could make a call to a Draw or Print method, and these methods would act differently with each object; the process can take different forms behind a common interface. One of the benefits of polymorphism is that because the interface is common to objects, any object is able to respond differently to some common set of tasks, and objects are independent of each other.
A class is an organisation of data and functions which operate on them. Data structures are called data members and the functions are called member functions, The combination of data members and member functions constitute a data object or simply an object.