What Are The Best Programming Languages for Game Development?

What are Best Programming Languages for Game Development

What are Best Programming Languages for Game Development

Deciding the best programming language to use when designing games is probably a common dilemma that most enthusiastic game designers face. Arguably, nearly all programming languages can be used in game design, including advanced languages such as C++ and Python. However, some languages offer more benefits than others. That aside, your choice of programming language determines the game engine and framework to use and your games’ development process in the long run.

All these factors make it challenging to choose an appropriate language. Below are some of the best programming languages game developers can use.


 JavaScript is one of the popular web development languages that can also be used for game development. While HTML and CSS are also beneficial for web design, JavaScript is the main programming language behind every website’s functionality. The compatibility with HTML5 has made JavaScript a core programming language in game development.

Some gaming frameworks that work with this language include Phaser, Babylon.js, GDevelop, and ImpactJS. Popular games designed using JavaScript include Miner Dash, HexGL, Cross Code, and Gods Will Be Watching.


  • Easy to design browser and mobile games
  • Games are easy to share
  • Less resource-intensive
  • Stable programming language


  • Limited 3D graphic options
  • Quite slow


C# is another popular and general-purpose coding language with wide applications. The language combines the functionality of C++ and Java. Generally, with combined capabilities, the language is easy to use and object-oriented. Games designed from this language offer the utmost scalability and efficiency. C# is the primary programming language for Unity Engine, with the entire Unity library built around it.

Some popular games built from this language include Stardew Valley, Cuphead, Osiris, and Hearthstone.


  • Beginner-friendly language
  • Best for windows games
  • Efficient and scalable
  • Has advanced security features


  • Primarily works on Microsoft’s .NET
  • Not efficient as Java or C++


Initially known as C with Classes, C++ is an object-oriented language with various features. Programmers can use the language with ease, enabling users to create programs with great readability without losing its advanced features, such as good memory management. With such a general-purpose outlook, the language has also enjoyed many applications in the gaming industry. Some modern game engines, including the id Tech and Unreal Engine, are built on C++. Among the games designed with C++ include Gear 5, ArcheAge, Kingdom Come, and Soulcalibur VI.


  • Efficient and fast programing language
  • Platform-independent
  • Advanced features
  • Has the largest support community
  • Plenty of programming resources and free courses are available


  • Difficult to learn
  • Lacks modern game design features


Java is among the popular programming languages built for general computer programming purposes. According to its design, the language requires fewer dependencies than other languages. This means that games and other programs built on this language are compatible with different systems, as they don’t rely on underlying system architecture.

With such flexibility, Java is overly beneficial in the game design realm. While it doesn’t enjoy an extensive application in the gaming industry, several desktop games are built on Java. It is also a top priority coding language for Android gadgets, which is why most developers use it for designing mobile games. Popular games designed on Java include FIFA 11, RuneScape, and Minecraft.


  • Best for mobile games
  • Uses modern technology, such as multi-threading
  • Independent language – games can run anywhere
  • Easy to use


  • Limited community support
  • Few Java-compatible game engines exist

Bottom Line

All programming languages can be used for game development. However, get to understand every language’s target platform, developer options, features, and more, before choosing a language to use. Beginners should consider the learning curve required before designing games with a specific language. If you need some training on programming before embarking on game design, courses from your local kids’ coding school are beneficial. You can also find a list of Linux Gaming Distros in this page if you want to use Linux as the development environment.

Categories: Blog
M. Saqib: Saqib is Master-level Senior Software Engineer with over 14 years of experience in designing and developing large-scale software and web applications. He has more than eight years experience of leading software development teams. Saqib provides consultancy to develop software systems and web services for Fortune 500 companies. He has hands-on experience in C/C++ Java, JavaScript, PHP and .NET Technologies. Saqib owns and write contents on mycplus.com since 2004.
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