This article is about file handling using C programming language. File stores information for many purposes and retrieve whenever required by our C programs. A file represents a sequence of bytes on the disk where a group of related data is stored. File is created for permanent storage of data. C programming language can handle files as Stream-oriented data (Text) files and System oriented data (Binary) files.
Any program which uses these five methodologies or any of it, we can call that program object oriented. They are Encapsulation, Data Hiding, Overloading, Polymorphism, Inheritance. Any programming language which supports all of these features and facilitate the programmer in developing the program in these methodologies is called Object Oriented Programming Language i.e. C++, Java, C#.
The Art of Computer Virus Research and Defense is a reference written strictly for white hats: IT and security professionals responsible for protecting their organizations against malware. Peter Szor systematically covers everything you need to know, including virus behavior and classification, protection strategies, antivirus and worm-blocking techniques, and much more.
Container classes are the solution to a specific kind of code reuse problem. They are building blocks used to create object-oriented programs. They make the internals of a program much easier to construct. A container class describes an object that holds other objects. Container classes are so important that they were considered fundamental to early object-oriented languages
The pointer is a variable which holds the memory address of another variable. If one variable contains the address of another variable, the first variable is said to point to the second. There are two types of pointer operators; * and &. the & is a unary operator that returns the memory address of its operand.
A pointer is a variable that represents the location of a data item, such as a variable or an array element. Pointers are used frequently in C, as they have a number of useful applications. For example, pointers can be used to pass information back and forth between a function and its reference point. Pointers provide a way to return multiple data items from a function via function arguments to
be specified as arguments to a given function.